Here we are showing our creme de la creme of digital photography techniques. But since we want to share our knowledge with all of you, we also posted the techniques on how its done with each image.
The long exposure is one of the most popular tricks, and one can create many different effects with it. A long exposure means that the shutter is open for a long time, for example 20sec. During these 20 seconds everything in the scene gets recorded on the sensor and merge as one image. This means in order to appear in the final picture the subjects must have light on them. This explains why in these city images only the car lights appear as trails, while the cars themselves can’t be seen. They are too fast and dark, so the sensor can’t see them. If there was a still object though and you’d shine light on it, it would appear in the image. To take a long exposure you will need a tripod or some way to make your camera perfectly steady like placing it on a step. It needs to be dark enough that your camera wants to take a shot of at least a few seconds and a good trick to force a longer exposure is to change the aperture to f22. Dawn and dusk are our favorite time to take these pics because the lighting is perfect. I think you would agree this is an amazing digital photography technique.
A long exposure can also create beautiful effects when used in nature photography. The technique is the same as in the long exposure city-shots from above. All you need is the camera with the ability to do a shutter speed of at least a few seconds and a tripod. Left you see a picture of a waterfall in India. Through the long exposure time the details of the water disappeared because of it’s constant movement, which creates a beautiful silky effect. The image on the right shows a mountain lake. This picture was taken before dawn, but enough light was captured to make the sky look light. To be more detailed, the stones in the foreground were lit up with a flashlight. Because it was quite dark when the picture was taken it needed a 15 minute exposure!
Light painting is also a long exposure based technique. When you have a flashlight or any kind of LED light, you can use the time that your aperture is open, to draw beautiful patterns in the dark. For best results you should wear dark clothing. Otherwise you might appear as a ghost like me in the left picture.
Panning is quite a tricky digital photography technique that needs to be practiced. It is one of the more challenging, but very effective techniques. The idea behind it is to get a blurred background and relatively sharp subject by moving the camera with the subject at a relatively slow shutter speed, ideally 1/30th of a second. To get a good panning shot it’s best to position yourself somewhere you have a nice background, so you can fully focus on the subjects movement in time. If your auto focus isn’t fast enough, we advice to prefocus on your subject upon the point where you will release the shutter.
Reverse Panning is based on the same idea as panning. It wants to create a contrast between focused and unfocused, but in reverse panning the object isn’t the one moving, the background is. While your object is holding still, move your camera along the background. You can move the camera in different motions. In the left picture the camera was moved in a circle for example. The easiest way to do reverse panning though is from a car, like the picture on the right, because of the steady motion it provides